Cingulate Cortex

Location

The Cingulate Cortex sits on top of the corpus callosum and underneath the cerebral cortex.

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Function

The cingulate cortex plays a role in higher emotional experience and cognition. It has been strongly linked to error detection; awareness of when one makes a mistake.

Error-Related Negativity (ERN)

EEG studies can measure cortical activity; the anterior cingulate is strongly implicated as the origin of the ERN signal to the rest of the cortex.

The cingulate cortex is hypothesised to mediate the recruitment of effort of ongoing tasks following an error (participants tend to show improvement after an error, perhaps due increased attention/effort).

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