Psychosis

Psychosis

Psychosis refers to an abnormal mental condition (losing touch with reality, having a distorted perspective of it). It's characterised by hallucinations and delusions (abnormal perceptions and beliefs, respectively). It's a characteristic of several mental illnesses.

Psychotic Symptoms

  • Auditory Hallucinations
    • Hearing things
  • Delusions of Reference
    • Believing innocuous events have special relevance to yourself; e.g. “When the weatherman said ‘it’s raining in Boston today, it was his way of telling me that he was a part of the CIA and that they were watching me”
  • Passivity Experiences
    • Feeling that one's own actions are being controlled by an external force; e.g. believing you're a puppet manipulated by a demon.
  • Delusions of Thought Insertion
    • Feeling that thoughts are being inserted into your mind by someone else; e.g. "Kill the Malaysian Prime Minister" appearing in your mind and believing someone else is telling you to do it.
  • Prodromal Symptoms
    • Greater awareness; e.g. “I developed a greater awareness.. . My senses were sharpened…. I became fascinated by the little insignificant things around me” (Bowers et al., 1966)
  • Delusions of Control
    • Confusion between self-generated and externally-generated actions
  • Delusions of Grandeur
    • Believes they have special powers or are on a special mission
  • Paranoid Delusions
    • Believes others intend harm to oneself